Tangaliya weaving, also known as Daana weaving is practiced in Surendranagar district of Gujarat. This intricate process of twisting extra weft while weaving creates beautiful geometrical patterns and forms. The essence of Tangaliya weaving is the compositions created by colourful dots, which is simultaneously created on both the sides of the fabric.
The Tangaliya shawl (which uses a unique weaving technique and was almost on the verge of extinction) has been given GI (Geographical Indications) recognition by the Central government. This indigenous craft has deep rooted origin and history of about 700 years embedded in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. Legend says that a young boy from the Bhadwad (shepherd) community fell in love with a girl from weaver community and married her. This displeased his family, as a result the boy and his bride were not welcomed by the family. So he settled down with the weavers’ community and continued herding sheep. He learnt weaving from his in-laws and started using wool from the sheep he herd. Thus the art of Tangaliya weaving came into being.
The unique art form of Tangaliya with its dotted splendor is practiced in Surendranagar district of Gujarat. The Dangasia community inhabiting this region is the sole group having the knowledge of Tangaliya weaving technique. Tiny dots of extra weft are twisted giving an effect of bead embroidery and creating the unique identity of Tangaliya. The intricate method of twisting the extra weft while the weaving is going on creates beautiful linear patterns and forms. Through this, motifs are woven into the fabric while it is still on the loom. A ‘Daana’ is formed on the weft.